Mobile success factors :-

January 7th, 2013 No comments

Mobile cellular penetration in LDC

Over the last decade, no other ICT has grown as fast as mobile cellular telephony and connected previously unconnected people in such a short span of time. There are a number of factors that have made the mobile boom possible:

  • Competition: The introduction of second-generation technology opened up greater opportunities for new market entrants due to increased capacity and better spectrum efficiency. Most countries introduced competition with the launch of GSM networks. For many countries, this was their first taste of competition in the telecommunication sector. Competition has lowered prices, increased the quality and number of services and expanded coverage, creating the right conditions for mobile communications to grow. As of 2009, 90 per cent of countries worldwide allowed either partial or full competition in their cellular mobile market. The same degree of competition is found in the Least Developed Countries, although the level of partial competition –in which markets limit the number of mobile cellular operators to two– is slightly higher
  • Common technology: Europe established a common regional standard for second- generation digital mobile technology – Groupe Spécial Mobile (GSM) – over a quarter century ago. This led to a de facto global standard for 2G mobile technology. The first GSM network was launched in Finland in 1991, and Australia became the first non-European country to join the GSM Association two years later. By June 2009, GSM accounted for four out of every five mobile subscriptions around the world and today, nearly 800 operators in over 200 countries operate GSM networks.16
  • Prepaid subscriptions: The introduction of prepaid billing in 1996 brought mobile to the masses. There are millions of people around the world who would not qualify for a postpaid mobile plan, let alone be able to afford the required monthly payments. The majority of subscriptions in developing countries are prepaid, and in LDCs, where income levels are particularly low, 94 per cent of subscriptions were prepaid at the end of 2009. To cater to low-income users, operators have adopted new business models by offering, for example, low denomination airtime recharges and per second billing.
  • Applications: The growing number of mobile applications has increased demand and usage. Roaming, text messaging and mobile broadband have become desirable applications for a growing number of people, including in LDCs. Since Internet penetration remains relatively low, mobile applications can help overcome Internet access barriers.
  • Equipment: Mobile equipment, both on the network infrastructure side as well as devices, has grown in sophistication while continuing to drop in price. The emergence of Chinese equipment vendors, such as Huawei and ZTE, has driven competition in the infrastructure segment, dramatically reducing the cost of installing a mobile network. Innovations in handset technology include the development of sophisticated smartphones, which are driving demand for mobile data services. In low-income countries, falling prices of low-end mobile phones continue to make access more affordable.

Mobile telephony has also improved public telephone access, and mobile public access can help operators achieve universal access goals. It has also generated new business models, where owners of mobile telephones re-sell the service to others.

In some countries, the increasing number of mobile cellular subscriptions is actually reducing the need for public access since most people either own or have access to a mobile phone specially in smaller Nations like Maldives.


Market share of Mobile Operating Systems

January 3rd, 2013 No comments

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After Teasing Its Touch-Friendly Future, Canonical Officially Reveals The Ubuntu Phone OS

January 3rd, 2013 No comments

Ubuntu isn’t exactly a stranger to the mobile space — it started showing off its Ubuntu for Android project in early 2012, but it wasn’t about to stop there. Not long after teasing the prospect of a touch-friendly future for its peculiarly-named OS, Canonical has officially pulled back the curtains on its Ubuntu phone OS and it looks, well, great. → Read More


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The Massive Mobile Explosion In BRIC Countries Explained

December 27th, 2012 No comments

Many emerging markets are already mobile-first economies where mobile phones are more ubiquitous than either land-line telephones, PCs, or fixed Internet connections.

Mobile statistics are specifically impressive in the BRICs — Brazil, Russia, India, China. China is poised to overtake the United States as the world’s largest smartphone market, and new Chinese app data suggest it has already done so.

Here’s an overview of the four essentials to mobile projects in BRIC countries:

  • Don’t ignore the feature phone: Market-leading apps are still keeping one foot in the feature phone market, and for an important reason: That’s where the numbers are. Smartphone penetration among Chinese mobile subscribers won’t end the year higher than 20%, according to BI Intelligence estimates.
  • Work with carriers: Emerging market carriers hold the keys to two important aspects of the mobile business — network effects and billing. Billing is a challenge in emerging markets. Credit card penetration is low. Only carriers have the reach, systems, and technologies to draw payments from prepaid and postpaid mobile consumers.
  • Follow the rollout of low-cost smartphones and tablets: Since many devices in these markets are purchased for prepaid plans without the help of carrier subsidies, price cuts instantly make tablets and smartphones more accessible to consumers. Smartphone prices in India have fallen 30 to 35 percent in the last three years.
  • Understand Android’s dominance and its limitations: Android is the leading mobile platform in all the BRICs. Android dominance presents a challenge for app developers and publishers since the Google Play store, the main Android app store, has not proved an easy route to monetization in emerging markets. In China, there is very limited support for Google Play. Worse, app store fragmentation on Android is an even more serious problem than it is elsewhere.

Cloud Supply and Demand : Cisco

December 26th, 2012 No comments
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BLAKE2 Claims Faster Hashing Than SHA-3, SHA-2 and MD5

December 25th, 2012 No comments

BLAKE2 has been recently announced as a new alternative to the existing cryptographic hash algorithms MD5 and SHA-2/3. With applicability in cloud storage, software distribution, host-based intrusion detection, digital forensics and revision control tools, BLAKE2 performs a lot faster than the MD5 algorithm on Intel 32- and 64-bit systems. The developers of BLAKE2 insist that even though the algorithm is faster, there are no loose ends when it comes to security. BLAKE2 is an optimized version of the then SHA-3 finalist BLAKE.”


3G Google Nexus 7 lands in Australia this month

December 22nd, 2012 No comments

While the rest of the world was basking in the joy of a 3G Nexus 7last month, Australians were left out in the cold on the product’s local release.


But now, manufacturer Asus has confirmed that the 32GB 3G model will indeed be available to Australians this month, just in time for Christmas.

Available for $369, the 3G variant of the first Nexus tablet is a $50 premium over the Wi-Fi only model, which costs $319. The 16GB version can be grabbed for just $269.

Eagle-eyed readers may pick up that there’s a $20 price premium on those RRPs compared to the Google Play Store, but it’s important to remember that the Play Store price doesn’t include shipping.




Reverse Proxy – What’s Old is New Again

October 25th, 2012 No comments

Reverse Proxy is a technology that has been around for a very long time. However, there has never been a time when it is more relevant than today, with the explosion of BYOD and “untrusted” endpoint access to internal applications. 

A Reverse Proxy is a type of proxy server that sits in a DMZ and retrieves internal content (e.g. web pages) on behalf of a requesting client (e.g. web browser). A single Reverse Proxy can front-end multiple internal web sites acting as an external gateway, providing strong authentication, delivering SSL encryption, allowing access control, and auditing/logging services. The beauty of a Reverse Proxy implementation is that once it is in place, it allows a company to externalize any of their internal web content in a secure fashion. Since endpoints, (define), are not issued internal network addresses there is never a direct connection from an “untrusted” endpoint to the secure network. The Reverse Proxy sits in the middle and hides (blocks) the physical internal network from any connecting endpoint.

For BYOD and remote access, the immediate answer to the problem most network administrators have connecting various personal devices is usually a VPN connection. This requires the installation, administration, and maintenance of a remote client or app on the endpoint. However, the reality is the majority of applications that end users need to access today are web based, which means a VPN connection is not required. A Reverse Proxy can be installed to securely access those web applications from any device capable of running a web browser, without the need for VPN agents or apps. Internal web applications can be accessed directly by a URL or through a customized web portal.

Reverse Proxies even have the ability to protect one of the most common applications, Microsoft Exchange email. Using ActiveSync, a mobile data synchronization protocol from Microsoft, endpoints can easily connect to an internal email system through a Reverse Proxy, without the need for any client software or apps.

A very large computer manufacturer is deploying a Dell SonicWALL reverse proxy solution to allow employee access from personal, home, and corporate devices to key internal web applications. This allows them to quickly give access to thousands of employees worldwide increasing productivity and quickly integrating new acquisitions.



Apple Reveals iPad mini – official price $329

October 23rd, 2012 No comments

Apple just took the wraps off its latest gadget: the iPad mini. As the name suggests, it’s a smaller version of the company’s popular iPadtablet, with a screen that measures 7.9 inches diagonally.

The new model comes in both black and white. The 7.9-inch screen with 4:3 aspect ratio gives the iPad mini a size advantage over 7-inch competitors. The area measures 29.6 square inches to 21.9 on a 16:9 7-inch tablet. It has the same resolution as the original iPad and iPad 2, at 1,024 x 768. For fans of retina displays, however, that’s not even close, at just 163 pixels per inch (ppi).

The iPad mini packs an A5 chip, the processor that was first seen in the iPad 2, and it’s the same chip that powers the current iPod touch. It has a front-facing FaceTime 720p camera, with 5-megapixel camera in back. It also includes Apple’s new Lightning connector, which first debuted on the iPhone 5.

At 10.9 ounces, the iPad mini is less than half the weight of the full-size iPad. It’s just 0.28 of an inch thick.

The iPad mini starts at $329 for the Wi-Fi-only version with 16GB capacity. Higher capacities and 4G LTE options are available. Prices for Wi-Fi-only versions are: $429 for 32GB, and $529 for 64GB. For the cellular versions, prices are $459, $559 and $659 for 16, 32 and 64GB, respectively. Pre-orders begin Oct. 26. Wi-Fi devices ship Nov. 2, and the cellular models will come about two weeks later.




Russia Wants To Ban Children From Using WiFi

October 22nd, 2012 No comments

MOSCOW — The Communications and Press Ministry has proposed banning children from using Wi-Fi networks in public, potentially making cafes, restaurants and other locations providing the service responsible for enforcing the law.

An official with the ministry’s Federal Mass Media Inspection Service, known as Roskomnadzor, said the ban should apply to people under 18 years old.

Locations providing Wi-Fi access would be held legally responsible for implementing the rule, and failing to meet the proposed measure would result in a fine ranging from 20,000 rubles to 50,000 rubles ($640 to $1,600), Vedomosti reported Thursday.

In Moscow alone, thousands of cafes, fast-food outlets and restaurants, as well as many parks, shopping malls and hotels, have Wi-Fi networks, which let laptop and handheld-computer users go online without a cable or modem.

Maxim Ksenzov, one of the watchdog’s deputy directors, announced the plan at a Wednesday conference with Internet media representatives, Vedomosti reported, citing participants in the conference.

Ksenzov said the proposal is tied to the Internet restriction law that comes into effect Nov. 1, allowing the government to block Web pages that fit the law’s definition of material harmful to child welfare.

Under that law, the government can force websites, website-hosting companies and Internet service providers to block offending sites.

Watchdog spokesman Vladimir Pikov told RIA-Novosti the service hasn’t decided whether Wi-Fi providers or owners of businesses offering their own Wi-Fi would be responsible under the law.

Citizens are no longer considered minors in Russia when they reach the age of 18, but people can obtain permission from regional authorities to marry at 16 and can get a motorcycle license at that age.

At national cafe chain Shokoladnitsa, “there are no methods at present that make it possible to identify the age of users logging on to the free Wi-Fi in our shops,” said Gennady Sbytov, the company’s vice president for information technology.

“We see a solution to the [broader] issue in restricting access to certain web portals, in accordance with the law, for all guests,” he said by e-mail. “That way, Wi-Fi access would remain available.”

Sbytov said any Wi-Fi restriction at Shokoladnitsa would happen only if required by law.

Also affected by the proposal would be other major food chains providing free Wi-Fi, such as Subway, McDonald’s and Kofe Khaus.